|In the wake of the emergence of subaltern studies in the 1980s and the ecological studies in the 1990s, a need was felt to approach these questions from new perspectives. The Present volume, mainly combines revised versions of the papers presented at a Panel organized by the Indian History Congress in 2001. Contributors include B.B. Chaudhuri, Arun Bandopadhyay, B.D. Chattopadhyaya, K.S. Singh, Kesavan Veluthat, Rajan Gurukkal, Shishir Kumar Panda, Archana Prasad, Amar Farooqui , P.K. Shukla, Atlury Murali and K.T. Thomas.